Grooming a Pomeranian can be somewhat demanding as it requires regular attention. Basically, the tools that you need to keep it clean and attractive are slicker/pin brush, medium-tooth metal comb, scissors and cotton buds. You can give treats and play with your Pomeranian while grooming it so that it will enjoy the activity.
A Pomeranian's coat has to be brushed regularly to maintain its floppiness and ball-like appearance. Brushing him 2 to 3 times a week would be sufficient to prevent dry skin and dandruff. When brushing, you should lift its outer coat so that the bristles start at the root of the hair, and you can brush it down and outwards. When a Pomeranian is shedding, you will need to do extra brushing; however, you should keep in mind that you need to wet the coat before brushing it. It's better to mist the coat first with water before brushing to prevent its coat from matting. If you wish, you may add a small amount of conditioner to the water.
A bristled or a pin brush is recommended for brushing. All loose hair must be removed so that your Pomeranian will not get a matted coat, which would require clipping to remove. For the purpose of cleanliness, be sure to clip the hair around your Pomeranian's anus. Make sure you pay attention to the area behind its ears and groin as these parts are prone to tangles and curls. Lift and part the overcoat and brush the fluffy undercoat. This will help reduce shedding. Regular trimming is also required to keep its coat looking good. You must keep your Pomeranian free of parasites and fleas as these will cause it to itch, and will make the dog scratch and bite its coat, resulting in matted hair.
Bathing your Pomeranian can be very effective in preventing skin irritations. You should bathe your dog on a regular basis to wash off dirt and dust as they are abrasive to its coat. However, don't bathe it excessively; bathing twice a month is recommended. Excessive bathing can be risky for its skin and could even remove essential oils, adding to the problem of a matted coat.
Proper grooming always includes checking the ears and nails of your Pomeranian. It is necessary to use cotton buds for its ears. You should also keep the nails as short as possible, so trim them at least once every three months. If nails are not trimmed regularly, there is a tendency that they will grow inside the dog's flesh. When this happens, your dog may need to undergo surgery.
Don't be afraid to clip your dog's nails if you haven't tried clipping them before. Avoid clipping the soft part of your dog's nail called the quick, which is the pinkish part of the nail near the base. You want to avoid clipping that because it will cause bleeding and great pain for your dog. If your dog's nail is darker in color, it's better to cut one small piece at a time and work your way in until you are almost at the quick.